Battle at Keynsham near Bristol
London Gazette #2046, June 25 to June 29, 1685
Whitehall, June 28. 1685
We have an account that on Thursday last a party of 100 horse, commanded by Colonel Oglethorpe, fell upon the Rebels at Keynsham Bridge between Bristol and Bath, and cut off two troops of their best horse, killing between 80 and 100 of them upon the place. On our side, the Earl of Newburgh had the misfortune to be shot in the belly, but it’s hoped he will recover. And that the parties sent out by the Lord Churchill had killed many of the Rebels and that many more deserted. On the Friday in the evening all the Kings forces joined near Bath, upon which the Rebels who were drawn up on the other side of the town marched away in much fear and disorder, and are it’s said gone back to Frome, being followed by his majesties forces under the command of the Earl of Feversham.
The Earl of Pembroke, Lord Lieutenant of the County of Wilts, has given his majesty an account, that being informed that the rabble at Frome, headed by the constable, had put up in the market-place the Traitorous Declaration Published by the Duke of Monmouth, he marched thither on Thursday last with 160 horse, and mounted behind some of them 36 musketeers. That being come near the Town, he heard great shooting, and beating of Drums, and was informed that between 2 and 3000, upon the notice they had of his coming, were gathered together from Warminster and Westbury, some with Pikes, and some with Pitch-forks and Scythes. But notwithstanding the small number he had with him, he marched into the Town at the head of his Muskets, followed by the Horse. The Rebels seemed at first very resolute and as his lordship came in at the Gate, one fired at him, bidding the rest to Fire when his Lordship came to such a place, but in a moment they all threw down their Arms, and fled out of the other end of the Town. His Lordship having caused the Traitorous Declaration to be pulled down, made the Constable write with his own hand an Abhorrence of the same, and a declaration declaring the Duke of Monmouth a traitor, and put it up at the same place, and them committed him to prison.
On Friday his Lordship, according to the Orders he had received, marched with three Regiments of Militia Foot of the County of Wilts to Bath, his horse being ordered to meet the Duke of Grafton having marched about two miles on a Down between Trowbridge and Claverton, came full upon the Rebels, who made a halt at the father end of the Down, being about a mile from his Lordship and sent a party towards him. His Lordship drew his three Regiments into a body, lining the muskets with pikes and stayed in that place two hours and whenever he broke that order to march, the Rebels made towards him, but durst not attack him, and at last left him in great confusion being pursued from Keynsham Bridge. His Lordship seeing some stranglers left behind, rode after them with two or three servants and took one of them, whom he ordered to be hanged. He told his Lordship 2000 Rebels had deserted that day. After which his Lordship marched to Trowbridge.
Edinburgh, June 24. 1685
Since our last, in which you had an account of the Earl of Argyll’s being brought prisoner hither, we have certain intelligence that the parties of the Kings forces which were sent is search of the dispersed Rebels, do daily bring in many prisoners. Some whereof affirm that many of the Rebels were killed the day that Rumbold and Col. Ayloff were taken, and amongst them the second son of Sir John Cochran. Rumbold continues very ill of his wounds, but it’s thought Col. Ayloff may recover.
Southwark, June 25. 1685
This day William Disnie Esq, was tried by a special commission of Oyer and Terminer for the County of Surrey, before the Lord Chief Justice of England, and other His Majesties Justices, upon an Indictment of High Treason for Printing and Publishing a most vile and Traitorous Paper against His Majesty and his Government, entitled, the Declaration of James, Duke of Monmouth, and the Noblemen, Gentlemen, and others now in Arms, etc. of which he was upon a very clear Evidence found Guilty, and accordingly had sentence past upon him to be Drawn, Hanged and Quartered, and is to be Executed on Monday next.
Whitehall, June 27. 1685
His majesty has been pleased to Order that the reward promised in his late majesties Proclamation, be distributed amongst the five soldiers of the Earl of Aran’s Militia, who took Rumbold in Scotland, or since dead of their wounds, their share is to be given to their Wives and Children, or nearest Relation in case they have no Wives or Children.